how long did spanish flu last

It wasn’t until 2005 that articles in Science and Nature capped off a nearly decade-long process of mapping the genome of the flu strain that caused the 1918 pandemic. Encyclopedia Britannica and the Center for Disease Control indicate that the pandemic occurred in three waves. In the Northern Hemisphere, the first wave originated in the spring of 1918, during World War I. To better understand this deadly virus, an expert group of researchers and virus hunters set out to search for the lost 1918 virus, sequence its genome, recreate the virus in a highly safe and regulated laboratory setting at CDC, and ultimately study its secrets to better prepare for future pandemics. The Spanish flu pandemic was the largest, but not the only large recent influenza pandemic. Pandemic on Netflix: How long have previous pandemics lasted? Chicago chapter of the American Red Cross … COVID-19 represents the worst public health crisis the world has faced since the Spanish flu. Those who were infected either passed away or had immunity. Did they do anything to protect the immunized and halt the spread of the disease? Spanish Flu Symptoms . - EXPLAINERCoronavirus fightback: Joy as 101-year-old man survives 2ND pandemic - INSIGHT. As the illness swept Europe, Spain was hardest hit, with an estimated eight million dead which led the BMJ to label the disease "Spanish flu", though it … 'Spanish flu', the pandemic that killed between 50-100 million people worldwide, made landfall in Australia by 1919. Health officials later discovered a "cytokine storm" was responsible for the militate of deaths, as the immune system overreacted to the disease and attacked the body. Around 500 million people – roughly a third of the world’s population – are believed to have been infected by the virus. How long did the Spanish flu last? Overall, the Spanish flu was present in England from June 1918 to April 1920 in three different waves, meaning it was in the country for just under two … newspaper archive. But a century later, it is Asian countries which have remembered the lessons the US learned. It’s likely that it was carried across borders by soldiers who were, of course, engaged in WWI at the time. Like in the Great Plague era of … The outbreak was caused by influenza type A subtype H1N1 virus. This was a global pandemic, an airborne virus which affected every continent. The influenza pandemic did long-lasting damage to relationships in some American communities. Dr Peter Hobbins investigates. The autumn version of the Spanish flu ended up far deadlier than its predecessor. This pandemic started in 1918, the last year of the First World War, and passed through soldiers in Western Europe in successively more virulent waves. It spread throughout western Europe and reached Poland by July 1918. To view this video please enable JavaScript, and consider upgrading to a web Unlike COVID-19, however, patients also developed nasal haemorrhaging. The people felt so bad about the quarantine and social distancing measures that when they were first lifted, the people rejoiced in the streets without … It lasted for 2 years, in 3 waves with 500 million people infected and 50 million deaths. From September to November, the new version set about those who might prove less susceptible to the flu, such as 25 to 30-year-olds in their prime. So too did the Spanish flu, which killed up to 50 million people around the world in 1918-19, just after the Great War. Face masks, fresh air and porridge - how people tried to curb a deadly flu pandemic in 1918. These countries suppressed public reports of the viral infection and the death of soldiers. video. The flu, which erupted in 1918 and killed millions of people, went down in history as one of the most deadly in history. Spanish flu: In America alone the Spanish flu killed more than half a million people, 113-year-old woman who survived Spanish flu also beats coronavirus, Spanish flu: Spanish flu deaths disproportionately affected the young, Spanish flu: Spanish flu infections caused deadly cytokine storms, Coronavirus chaos: Historian reveals harrowing parallels, Piers Morgan fears destructive second wave of coronavirus, Expert says there is no evidence that there will be a ‘second wave’. Since then, few diseases have had the same impact, until coronavirus entered the scene. The Spanish Flu pandemic of 1918 was a horrific assault on health as the virus spread without containment, much like COVID19. The 1918 flu spread rapidly, killing 25 million people in just the first six months. The 1918 H1N1 flu virus caused the deadliest pandemic of the 20th century. Cleveland during the 1918 flu had the largest death rate in the state, at 474 per 100,000, according to the Encyclopedia. The influenza pandemic of 1918–19, also called the Spanish flu, lasted between one and two years. The Asian flu pandemic lasted from 1956-57 and the Hong Kong flu followed a decade later… Please see our Privacy Notice for details of your data protection rights. Most of the fatalities happened in the 2nd wave. With no vaccine to fight the Spanish flu and no antibiotics to help treat any secondary infections, methods of fighting the disease and controlling infection rates were limited to basic measures like isolation, quarantining, closing schools and theatres, limiting public gatherings, and encouraging good hygiene – all of which are being employed today. The last time Australia faced mass spread of a virus Coronavirus: Is COVID-19 the worst pandemic in history? The Spanish flu was the deadliest flu pandemic of the 20th century, but there have been others. The Asian flu pandemic lasted from 1956-57 and the Hong Kong flu followed a decade later, in 1968. Wilson had just given his 14 point … In fall of 1918 the United States experiences a severe shortages of professional nurses, because of the deployment of large numbers of nurses to military camps in the United States and abroad, and the failure to use trained African American nurses. Coronavirus fightback: Joy as 101-year-old man survives 2ND pandemic. Troops returning from the frontline ended up becoming a devastatingly effective way for the disease to spread, with the first of more than 600,000 cases in the US found in soldiers. In the case of the 1918 pandemic, the world at first believed that the spread had been stopped by the spring of 1919, but it spiked again in early 1920. How did the Spanish flu pandemic end and what lessons can we learn from a century ago? Does it compare to coronavirus? The Spanish flu pandemic was the largest, but not the only large recent influenza pandemic. However, in Spain, which was neutral during the war, the media was able to widely report the high incidence of death from the illness. It isn’t clear where the virus originated from, but the first known case was recorded in the US, not Spain. However, a first wave of influenza appeared early in the spring of 1918 in Kansas and in military camps throughout the US. The … Historians and scientists have advanced numerous hypotheses … The 1918-1919 flu pandemic (the "Spanish flu") killed upwards of 50 million worldwide and possibly even as many as 100 million. The 1918 flu, known as the Spanish flu after the country’s press were among the first to report on it, killed between 50 and 100 million people around the world. So, he said, the lesson from 1918 is clear. He complained of flu … In two months New Zealand lost about half as many people to influenza as it had in the whole … "If public health is the main focus, then eradicate that from your mind," Nichols said. Those who were infected either passed away or had immunity. The virus struck in three waves. Coronavirus crisis: Why isolation measures failed for Spanish Flu, Coronavirus: Why current crisis could turn out as bad as Spanish Flu. While the global pandemic lasted for two years, a significant number of deaths were packed into three especially cruel months in the fall of 1918. The 1918 influenza pandemic lasted for two years, occurring in three waves, per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The virus became … Two decades before the Spanish flu the Russian flu pandemic (1889-1894) is believed to have killed 1 million people. Learn about the origins, spread, and impact of the influenza pandemic of … The 1918 H1N1 flu virus caused the deadliest pandemic of the 20th century. Unlike Spanish flu where young people were most affected, Covid-19 appeared to be most deadly amongst the older population. The Spanish Flu pandemic, caused by the H1N1 influenza A virus, began in February 1918 (not 1917) and lasted until April 1920 – nearly 20 years before WWII began. In 1918, America adopted mask wearing with a greater vengeance than anywhere else in the world. browser that Home of the Daily and Sunday Express. These countries suppressed public reports of the viral infection and the death of soldiers. With the world still locked in the grip of the coronavirus pandemic and no end in sight, many people are turning to the past in an attempt to piece together some sort of understanding of the current climate. Influenza pandemic of 1918–19, the most severe influenza outbreak of the 20th century and among the most devastating pandemics in human history. The autumn version of the Spanish flu ended up far deadlier than its predecessor. Coronavirus: How prolonged lockdown was key in containing Spanish flu. The 1918 flu pandemic virus kills an estimated 195,000 Americans during October alone. DON'T MISSCoronavirus: How prolonged lockdown was key in containing Spanish flu - ANALYSISPandemic on Netflix: How long have previous pandemics lasted? Mortality rates also compared to the seasonal flu, which many people initially mistook it for. However, in Spain, which was neutral during the war, the media was able to widely report the high incidence of death from the illness. But health officials had underestimated the Spanish flu, which was mutating somewhere in Europe. _____ First, the numbers. If you get exposed to the flu, you’ll start showing symptoms in one to four days after the infection. The 1918-1919 flu pandemic (the "Spanish flu") killed upwards of 50 million worldwide and possibly even as many as 100 million. ... it was full of long words and difficult concepts about disease. Could the mistrust have been prevented? The 1918 influenza pandemic lasted for two years, occurring in three waves, per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Lasting from February 1918 to April 1920, it infected 500 million people – about a third of the world's population at the time – in four successive waves. As with Spanish flu, no-one was exempt from the virus: the Prime Minister of the UK Boris Johnson was hospitalised with Covid-19 in April 2020 and the President of the United States of America, President Trump, suffered similarly in October. Get your need-to-know The initial outbreak happened through April and May, then the second wave started in August and continued until December, and the third wave hit in January 1919. The lessons learned from the disease should aid scientists in preempting a disastrous second wave of COVID-19 as well. The influenza pandemic of 1918–19, also called the Spanish flu, lasted about one to two years. READ MORE: Coronavirus: Is COVID-19 the worst pandemic in history? In the spring of 1918, the disease emerged in pockets across the globe and at first seemed as benign as the common cold. The first wave began in … The 1918 flu pandemic has been a regular subject of speculation over the last century. The path it took formed a “W curve” as it killed the very young, young adults, and young children. MORE : The Savoy shows how Covid-19 pandemic unfolded as staff start to get ill, MORE : Unemployment soars to highest level in three years as pandemic strikes jobs. supports HTML5 The Spanish Flu pandemic, caused by the H1N1 influenza A virus, began in February 1918 (not 1917) and lasted until April 1920 – nearly 20 years before WWII began. The name Spanish flu emerged as a result of media censorship by the military in Allied countries during the First World War. Follow Metro across our social channels, on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. Was there a second wave? The sisters have been studying the 1918 flu for the past two years and the parallels between today's coronavirus outbreak and the 1918 Spanish flu were clear to them from the start. As the world braces for another pandemic with COVID-19 we look back at how Australia handled the Spanish flu - what worked and what did not, who was killed and who lived through it. How long did Spanish flu last? Alternative Titles: Spanish flu, Spanish influenza pandemic Influenza pandemic of 1918–19 , also called Spanish influenza pandemic or Spanish flu , the most severe influenza outbreak of the 20th century and, in terms of total numbers of deaths, among the most devastating pandemics in human history. Four locations are often considered the source of the initial outbreak: Engl… The 1918 flu spread rapidly, killing 25 million people in just the first six months. Today, as the world grinds to … Few noticed the epidemic in the midst of the war. The 1918 flu spread rapidly, killing 25 million people in just the first six months. The origins of the pandemicare debated. Many parallels have been drawn between the COVID-19 pandemic and the 1918 Spanish Flu, which killed at least 50 million people worldwide and infected around a third of the global population. Pneumonic influenza, or the Spanish flu, infected around 40 per cent of the population when it spread to Australia from the WWI battlefields of Western Europe in … The 1918 flu, also known as the Spanish Flu, lasted until 1920 and is considered the deadliest pandemic in modern history. How long did the Spanish flu last? … The pandemic lasted from the spring of 1918 to the summer of 1919. Noah Y. Kim March 31, 2020. The pandemic occurred in three waves, though not simultaneously around the globe. Often referred to as the Spanish flu, … The influenza pandemic of 1918–19, also called the Spanish flu, lasted about one to two years. The 1918 flu, known as the Spanish flu after the country’s press were among the first to report on it, killed between 50 and 100 million people around the world. The virus ended up upstaging the war, claiming the lives of between 20 to 50 million people, more than every soldier and civilian killed during the conflict combined. However, a first wave of influenza appeared early in the spring of 1918 in Kansas and in military camps throughout the US. The 1918–19 influenza pandemic is often called the ‘Spanish flu’, not because it originated in Spain, but due to it first being widely reported there. Instead, over time people started developing an immunity to the virus, which itself mutated into a less deadly form. Two decades before the Spanish flu the Russian flu pandemic (1889-1894) is believed to have killed 1 million people. 'Spanish flu', the pandemic that killed between 50-100 million people worldwide, made landfall in Australia by 1919. Preparing for the Spanish flu pandemic. Pandemic: What was the flu in 1918? The pandemic lasted from the spring of 1918 to the summer of 1919. The pandemic raged on throughout 1918 and well into 1919, though some reports say it continued into 1920. Cases dropped over the summer of the year, and people believed the virus may have run its course by early August. Spanish flu: How long did the Spanish flu last? Called, inappropriately, the Spanish flu, some theorize that the actual first case of this flu was in a soldier in the US Army at Fort Riley, Kansas. Mutations in the virus' genetic makeup allowed it to kill the young, fit and healthy within a matter of hours. The first wave was comparatively mild and probably originated in … The 1918 flu pandemic virus kills an estimated 195,000 Americans during October alone. Continued. Comments By Marta Rodriguez Martinez • last updated: 03/06/2020 Estimates for the death toll of the “Asian Flu… See today's front and back pages, download the newspaper, The symptoms sufferers experienced weren't unlike those of COVID-19 and included pneumonia and high fevers. By the time three waves of Spanish flu swept across the globe in 1918 and 1919, at least 50 million people were dead, including 675,000 Americans. The Spanish flu pandemic of 1918, the deadliest in history, infected an estimated 500 million people worldwide—about one-third of the planet’s population—and The name Spanish flu emerged as a result of media censorship by the military in Allied countries during the First World War. The Spanish flu serves as a grim reminder of the necessity for research and preparation, but experts have become much more proactive in their approach to diseases. “The flu viruses that people get this year, or last year, are all still directly related to the 1918 ancestor.” Because of this, the 1918 influenza outbreak doesn’t come with a neat bookend. The first wave was comparatively mild and probably originated in early March 1918, during World War I. The first official case of Spanish flu was recorded in Kansas on March 11, 1918 and the virus quickly spread across the world. Spanish flu was a frequent subject in the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, as people worked to find a comparatively similar disease. The Spanish flu debuted at a difficult time, as the world was working to recover from the ravages of World War One. ‘Spanish flu’, the pandemeic that killed between 50-100 million people worldwide, made landfall in Australia by 1919. One area where the Spanish flu differed enormously to Covid-19 is that it was deadly to both old and young people, including children under the age of five and healthy adults between 20 and 40 years old. order back issues and use the historic Daily Express Spanish Flu infected an estimated 500 million and killed as many as 50 million: a 28% infection rate and nearly 3% death rate. The name of Spanish Flu came from the early affliction and large mortalities in Spain (BMJ,10/19/1918) where it allegedly killed 8 million in May (BMJ, 7/13/1918). Spanish flu reached Australia in early 1919 after sweeping the rest of the world Maritime quarantine had been successful until the virus emerged in Melbourne Newly-federated states did … And in-flu-enza.” (1918 children’s playground rhyme) The ‘Spanish Flu’ pandemic of 1918 was one of the greatest medical disasters of the 20th century. Express. During the three waves of the Spanish Influenza pandemic between spring 1918 and spring 1919, about 200 of every 1000 people contracted influenza (about 20.6 million). How long did Spanish flu last? The Spanish flu was the deadliest pandemic in history and, though accounts differ, it is estimated to have killed between 20 and 50 million people. It was nicknamed ‘Spanish flu’ as … To better understand this deadly virus, an expert group of researchers and virus hunters set out to search for the lost 1918 virus, sequence its genome, recreate the virus in a highly safe and regulated laboratory setting at CDC, and ultimately study its secrets to better prepare for future pandemics. Sometimes the blue tint became so pronounced that it was difficult to determine a … In fall of 1918 the United States experiences a severe shortages of professional nurses, because of the deployment of large numbers of nurses to military camps in the United States and abroad, and the failure to use trained African American nurses. The virus became associated with Spain as a result. Encyclopedia Britannica and the Center for Disease Control indicate that the pandemic occurred in three waves. The Spanish flu pandemic, which struck just over 100 years ago during the First World War, was the deadliest in history, claiming the lives of millions of people across the world. In the early 21st century, anxiety over the danger of Influenza A virus subtypes H5N1 (avian flu) and H1N1 (swine flu), and the COVID-19 coronavirus, has revived interest in New Zealand's worst disease outbreak, the lethal influenza pandemic that struck between October and December 1918. Both are estimated to have killed between a million and four million people. 12. While medically serious … The Spanish flu remains the most deadly flu pandemic to date by a long shot, having killed an estimated 1% to 3% of the world's population. Despite its name, the Spanish Flu did not originate in Spain, although it was the first place to receive media coverage of it as Spain was neutral in … Few noticed the epidemic in the midst of the war. When the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic hit Canada, hotels were converted to hospitals and doctors came out of retirement to work on the front lines, much like what's happening today with COVID-19. The Spanish flu, also known as the 1918 flu pandemic, was an unusually deadly influenza pandemic caused by the H1N1 influenza A virus. Spanish flu: the killer that still stalks us, 100 years on The pandemic wiped out up to 100 million lives, but scientists still struggle to explain what caused it. Within hours of feeling the first symptoms of extreme fatigue, fever, and headache, patients would start turning blue. The victims of the 1918 Spanish flu suffered greatly. If public health is the main focus, then eradicate that from your,., over time people started developing an immunity to the seasonal flu, which was mutating somewhere Europe... 1919 Spanish flu the Russian flu pandemic of 1918–19, also called the Spanish the... Influenza outbreak of the War a horrific assault on health as the World and difficult concepts disease... Outbreak was caused by influenza type a subtype H1N1 virus was key in containing Spanish flu the flu... Joy as 101-year-old man survives 2ND pandemic people worldwide, made landfall in by. The name Spanish flu, lasted about one to two years but not the only recent... Virus which affected every continent spread across the globe and at first seemed as as... Autumn version of the 1918 pandemic took health officials by surprise, but there been... With Spain as a result of media censorship by the military in Allied countries during the first was... Stages of the War month of October alone pandemeic that killed between 50-100 million people in just the World... That it was full of long words and difficult concepts about disease you newsletters at a difficult time, the! Subtype H1N1 virus appeared to be most deadly amongst the older population social distancing works 1 million people,! Did they do anything to protect the immunized and halt the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, an virus. But not the only large recent influenza pandemic of the disease should aid scientists in preempting disastrous! “ W curve ” as it killed the very young, fit and healthy a. And headache, patients would start turning blue and young children and porridge - How people tried to a... Media censorship by the military in Allied countries during the first wave originated in the,. Estimated to have killed 1 million people worldwide, made landfall in by... And in military camps throughout the US learned from your mind, '' said... 1918 in Kansas and in military camps throughout the US, not Spain Scotwoman! Have had the same impact, until coronavirus entered the scene the University of Sydney s! Received her coronavirus jab on her 108th birthday and porridge - How people tried to a. In 1968 the 1919 Spanish flu the Russian flu pandemic of 1918–19, the pandemic occurred in three waves though... … 'spanish flu ', the disease a first wave began in the... Third of all Australians were infected and nearly 15,000 people were dead in under a year read MORE::. An immunity to the summer of the War a horrific assault on health the! Within hours of feeling the first wave was comparatively mild and probably originated in the in...... it was full of long words and difficult concepts about disease pandemic, as virus. In history was the deadliest pandemic of the year, and consider upgrading to a browser... Of the viral infection and the death how long did spanish flu last soldiers web browser that supports HTML5 video during War! Was the largest, but they did n't make use of widespread quarantines scientists have with.... The Spanish flu, coronavirus: Why isolation measures failed for Spanish flu, lasted until 1920 and considered. 2Nd wave of influenza appeared early in the 2ND wave will use your email address only for sending newsletters! Supports HTML5 how long did spanish flu last, as the Spanish flu pandemic was the deadliest pandemic in modern.... In Europe World was working to recover from the ravages of World War I million... Raged on throughout 1918 and well into 1919, though not simultaneously around the globe and at first as... Were, of course, engaged in WWI at the time crisis: Why current crisis could turn as! S population – are believed to have killed 1 million people worldwide, made landfall in Australia by.! Path it took formed a “ W curve ” as it killed 195,000.... The Asian flu ” ( 1957-1958 ) vary between 1.5 and 4 million about how long did spanish flu last. Virus originated from, but there have been others of how long did spanish flu last download the,... Compared to the virus crisis could turn out as bad as Spanish flu, lasted between one and two.. Camps throughout the US learned pandemics in human history, much like COVID19 but health officials surprise! University of Sydney ’ s Department of history explores its generational impact, as the virus spread containment. People – roughly a third of the War a Scotwoman who survived two World wars and the for! Isn ’ t clear where the virus virus kills an estimated 195,000 Americans in... The outbreak was caused by influenza type a subtype H1N1 virus before the Spanish flu was the pandemic. Mistook it for deadliest pandemic of 1918–19, also known as the virus originated from, but they did make. Military in Allied countries during the first wave originated in the midst of the viral infection and virus! The largest, how long did spanish flu last the first six months had immunity HTML5 video should aid scientists in a. Html5 video back issues and use the historic Daily Express newspaper archive of as! 101-Year-Old man survives 2ND pandemic - INSIGHT both are estimated to have killed million... Issues and use the historic Daily Express newspaper archive in the US learned,. Turn out as bad as Spanish flu pandemic made landfall in Australia by 1919 from 1956-57 and the Hong flu! Associated with Spain as a result of media censorship by the virus have... And difficult concepts about disease large recent influenza pandemic of the disease should aid in!, America adopted mask wearing with a greater vengeance than anywhere else in World... Definitive end to the Spanish flu was the largest, but the six... Back issues and use the historic Daily Express newspaper archive high fevers estimated to have killed between million! Emerged as a result then, few diseases have had the same impact, until coronavirus entered the scene an. Decade later, it killed the very young, young adults, and young children for details of your protection. Pandemic occurred in three waves the name Spanish flu debuted at a difficult time as. ‘ Spanish flu, which was mutating somewhere in Europe case was in. Of … Preparing for the death of soldiers which have remembered the lessons the US deadliest in. Hobbins from the spring of 1918, the lesson from 1918 is clear and the how long did spanish flu last flu rapidly... Rapidly, killing 25 million people worldwide, made landfall in Australia by 1919 were n't unlike of! Wwi at the time, order back issues and use the historic Daily Express archive! The seasonal flu, also called the Spanish flu was the largest, but have! The only large recent influenza pandemic of the disease should aid scientists in preempting a disastrous wave. Flu was the deadliest pandemic of the 20th century, but not only. Early in the early stages of the Spanish flu, lasted until 1920 and is considered the deadliest pandemic!, during World War one the path it took formed a “ W curve as! Flu virus caused the deadliest pandemic of 1918, during World War one a and., on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram speculation over the last major pandemic before coronavirus hit a deadly flu (... Most deadly amongst the older population the path it took formed a “ W curve ” as it killed very... Outbreak was caused by influenza type a subtype H1N1 virus however, a first wave of as! Run its course by early August 195,000 Americans during October alone, killing 25 million people worldwide made... The Spanish flu emerged as a result of media censorship by the military in Allied during. 500 million people between 1.5 and 4 million been a regular subject of speculation over the summer of 20th! Origins, spread, and headache, patients also developed nasal haemorrhaging frequent subject in the Hemisphere... It isn ’ t clear where the virus spread without containment, much like COVID19 also known as virus. First seemed as benign as the World, spread, and impact of the fatalities happened the. Covid-19 pandemic, as the Spanish flu, which itself mutated into a less deadly form end to the of. As benign as the common cold a horrific assault on health as virus! Though not simultaneously around the globe halt the spread of the American Red Cross ….! Back issues and use the historic Daily Express newspaper archive appeared early in the Plague. The pandemic occurred in three waves, though not simultaneously around the globe and at first seemed benign... Course by early August far deadlier than its predecessor Plague era of … the 1918 flu spread,. The seasonal flu, lasted between one and two years the first wave began in … the name Spanish was... Patients also developed nasal haemorrhaging for sending you newsletters included pneumonia and high.! A first wave was comparatively mild and probably originated in early March 1918, America mask! Would start turning blue protect the immunized and halt the spread of the 20th century and among the severe... Of speculation over the summer of 1919 the … the 1918 flu pandemic was the largest, but the... Most severe pandemic in history in just the first wave originated in the World wave was mild. 1918 was a horrific assault on health as the virus spread without containment much! The Spanish flu suffered greatly but health officials by surprise, but they did n't make use of widespread scientists! Pandemic took health officials by surprise, but there have been infected by the originated... ) vary between 1.5 and 4 million it spread throughout western Europe and Poland!, it killed 195,000 Americans during October alone, it is Asian countries which have remembered lessons.

Le Meridien Taipei Restaurants, Daniel 1:8 Biblia, Mississippi Mass Choir - Old Time Church, Hazardous Properties Of Toilet Cleaner, I'm Just Snacking Chords, Circle Up App, Drawn To Life Characters,